Neuropathy is a basic term representing disruptions in the regular performance of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are diverse therefore is the treatment. Lots of a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding additional progression of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to prevent any complications due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are mainly treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by offering the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is due to faulty absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or may not entirely reverse the neuropathy and relieve the signs and in numerous cases there is some long-term damage to nerves and consistent symptoms despite therapy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve included. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by absence of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is mainly encouraging. In diabetic neuropathies, some kinds like Mononeuropathies are reversible but many are irreversible. Rigorous control of blood sugar levels to slow the additional progression is of paramount importance. Other treatment is based upon the signs, like pain is managed with NSAID and lots of other drugs. The neuropathy associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis typically reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy. Neuropathy might also be due to poisonous impact of specific drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, many others and anti-cancer drugs. Treatment in this case is primarily discontinuation of the drug or dose reduction. There more info might be some particular treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can usually be avoided by providing pyridoxine along with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is mainly focused on preventing more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any complications due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.